In the human body all the basic life functions are realized with water. 70% of the children’s body, 60% of the adults’ body and 50% of the old ages’ body are made up of water. A 20% reduction of water in the human body causes the end of human life.
An adult human body is lost 1.5 lt. of the water by the urine; 0.5 lt. of the water by cutaneous, 0.5 lt. of the water by stools and respiration and in total approximately 2.5 liters of water is lost. In order to fulfill the vital functions of the body, it is necessary to replace the lost water and to preserve the water balance of the body.
There are 4 types of water in our country according to the current ‘Regulation Concerning Water Intended for Human Consumption dated 02.17.2005 and numbered 25730’ and Natural Mineral Water Regulation dated 12.01.2004 and numbered 25657 published by the Ministry of Health. These waters are defined as follows in the related regulations.
1.Natural Spring Water
It is the groundwater that is coming into existence naturally in the geological units whose geologic conditions are appropriate, spontaneously outcropping from one or more points of origin or extracted by technical methods and having the qualifications identified in the Annex 1 of the regulation without subjecting to any other process except those allowed in the article 36 of the regulation numbered 25730, fulfilling the labeling requirements and packed with the purpose of sale and supply to the market.
It is the groundwater that is coming into existence naturally in the geological units whose geologic conditions are appropriate, flowing continuously from a point of origin or extracted by technical methods, applicable for the processes of disinfection, filtration, defecation, purification and similar treatments that are approved by the Ministry and acquired the parameter values in the Annex 1 of the regulation numbered 25730 by decreasing or increasing the parameter values, fulfilling the labeling requirements and packed with the purpose of sale and supply to the market.
3.Potable – Tap (City) Water
It is the water that is generally used with the purpose of drinking, cooking, cleaning and other domestic aims, for the preparation, processing, conservation and marketing of the foodstuffs and other products intended for human consumption procured in natively or refined either from its spring or from the distribution network regardless of its origin (where it is procured), provides the parameter values given in the Annex 1 of the regulation numbered 25730 and not offered for the commercial sale.
4.Natural Mineral Water
It is the water that consists naturally at the various depths or the crust on appropriate geological conditions, spontaneously or technically extracted to the earth surface from one or more springs, identified by its mineral content, remnant elements and other components, protected against any kind of pollution risk, subject to the articles of 5,6,7,8 of the regulation numbered 25657, presented to the market packed either fizzy or fizzles.
You should keep your water in a cool (5-20 degrees), dark (away from sunlight) and dry (less than 50% humidity) place. You should keep away from chemicals, detergents, cleaning materials, gasoline and other substances like these as much as possible.
The body indicates that it is experiencing water deficiency with the following signals:
- Constant warmth feeling
- Dehydration feeling on the lips and tongue
- Rarely widdling and condensation of the urine color
- Dehydration on skin
- Aching in muscles and knuckles
- Inadequacy at comprising calories in the body
- Constant digestive system problems
- Poor muscle tone, continuous fatigue, feeling of dizziness, muscle cramps
It is a big mistake to take the “feeling of thirst” as a signal for your body needs water. Because, the human brain is unfortunately incapable of perceiving enough that the body is suffering from lack of water. Also, the feeling of thirst in human can disappear even with a glass of water and the water we drank may not be enough for our body to fill. When people lose 3.5 liters of water, they can suppress the feeling of thirst even when they drink only 0.5 liters of water. If only the feeling of thirst is taken into account as a sign of the need for water, it may take 12-24 hours to replace the loss of 3.5.
When you look at in terms of mankind problems; it will be seen that one of the most important challenges of the 21st century is to meet the increasing water needs of the world’s population adequately and safely. The world’s potable water springs are not equally distributed and the water problem varies by region. The fact that safe potable water supply areas are quickly affected by external factors such as pollution makes the issue of protecting the water springs a vital issue especially in areas where water is scarce.
- 97% of the water in the world is salty,
- 3% is fresh water.
- 97% of freshwater bodies are from the icebergs in the poles,
- 2% are from deep underground waters,
- 1% is made up of accessible water.
The pH indicates whether the water is acidic, basic or natural. On a scale ranging from 1 to 14; 7 is denominated as natural, below 7 as acidic and above 7 as basic or alkali.
- Neutral water pH =7
- Acidic water pH <7
- Domestic us pH 6.5 – 8.5
Designates the amount of dissolved ions contained in the water. The conductivity decreases as the water is purified. The total dissolved solid determines the whole solid dissolved in the water. (TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS) is used for describing the amount. Its unit is Parts Per Million (PPM).
- Pure water < 10 PPM
- Potable water 0-250 PPM
- Troubled water 250 to 500 PPM
- Deleterious water > 500 PPM
- Ocean water > 50,000 PPM